The increase in Urbanization, Diversification, and modernization has changed the trend of the existing. Sustainable practices. The basic example is climate change which includes the Exploitation of natural resources, pollution is one of the factors which contributed to measuring economic development .it has been gathered as local and global evidence that measures biodiversity loss, biochemical changes, lack of ground or freshwater availability, chemical changes in the environmental changes were meant to irrevocably destabilize the long-term dynamics of the life-supporting planet of our mother earth. There was a target out by 2030 to overcome the challenges of poverty reduction and environmental alienation fostering the Environmental development goals. Human-induced climate changes have always been a national and international or a worldwide deliberation and the IPCC and the 6th Assessment report laid a threat to the strengthening the global response towards climate change, eradicating poverty and sustainable development.

If biodiversity of our planet is not treated properly, it can affect As The Recent assessment of the global climate risk index has considered various macro factors to measure the irreparable loss caused due to the uncertain nature of climate by measuring certain quantitative factors such as the number of people injured, loss of livestock, loss of crops, loss on infrastructure, loss on agriculture due to various weather-related factors involving earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and other natural disasters which have affected globally on the economy and the humanity. Pollution. very badly in the present as well as the future.   The agenda of ending world hunger and malnutrition will be ended by 2030 challenging the climate crisis and hunger. The greatest dilemma is global temperature poses a threat to hunger.  To overcome the climate crisis we need to focus is reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, reduction in global temperature, and changes in weather extremes to mitigate this by financial foreseeability, strengthening resilience, and improving science and better adaption can only be a solution to these conditions.


Human-induced environmental hazards have contributed significant impact on the biodiversity loss and lack of sustainable development. In terms of larger waste materials generated each day due to the increased human activities, the only way in which we can undertake an efficient waste management system is by incorporating Renewable energy projects. The process of recycling is a response function to be carried out by every individual. Every person Such as a stakeholder who is involved in the process of distribution, and production. Importing. Manufacturing etc. Should take this responsibility as a prudent person. For converting waste products. India renewable energy. For enhanced sustainable development.

Humans have a habit of throwing out waste directly into water bodies and on the Land. This is one of the cheapest and most common practices. Which manages our renewable energy waste. Sometimes people contrast the habit of burning nondegradable yet products of heterogenous composition which can affect the level of toxicity and threat to the planet. This must be strategized if this process of burning would continue then we cannot achieve the NetZero target by 2070. Environmental degradation and soil fertility would even affect farmers and the good bacteria which converts biodegradable components to fresh manure will be leached and degraded and the recurring human activities directly in the environment increase metal toxicity and acidity in the cadmium and lead, and combustion leading to release of Sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen Sulphide .

The central government has implemented waste recycling mechanisms and ideas to eradicate this problem, selection of metals and non-biodegradable waste at the domestic and local level have been successful and resulted to ensure minimum waste and bringing quality control standard. We know that forest is an excellent mechanism to mitigate the challenges of climate change. They have prayed an active role in reducing the global temperatures below 2degree Celsius, the report of the IPCC has proved enough that forests have contributed immensely to the reduction of CFCs, forest degradation, and improved sustainable devolvement. Our fragile planet is hung up by a thread and it’s time to go on emergency mode or our chance will be at a net zero. the destructions of forest and wildlife habitats have been concentrated more on anthropogenic pressures involving grazing, and fire which leads to deforestation and forest degradation.

What we need is to adopt more strategies and preventive measures. to add a conclusion, we can study the classic model achieved by Telangana for the protection of the Environment and biodiversity has complied much to the legal and economic guidelines such as the green fund, Haritha Nidhi to safeguard biodiversity and ecological prosperity by fostering sustainable development goals to by protecting our forest and wildlife habitats to achieve the net-zero target by 2030. However, the potential impacts of climate change are sufficiently serious that important decisions will need to be made. Deploying effective approaches to foster collaboration, and enabling the implementation of effective actions and decisions will allow India to achieve a better nature with rich and biological diversity

To overcome the climate change risk, the best adaptive strategies can be done by assessing issues of uncertainty, and delays in climate change responses. climate change risk management can be done effectively by collecting climate change information and studying the climate change impact on nature. We as responsible human beings as individuals, communities, and society should play an equal and significant role to promote, enhance and develop Sustainable development and attain goals and targets to protect the wildlife habitat and environment. By predicting the reasonable, Causes and underlying dilemmas, using our intellect, Vision, and thought with intelligent decisions and planning. We can implement and strategize this goal that would which would turn out to be a success in the future.

Author’s Name:  Nandini Balasubramanian (Cooperative School of Law, Thodupuzha)

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