The security-related problems in the business sector of India are as old as the British government’s introduction of joint stock enterprises. In India, several industries like cotton and jute textiles, tea, and other plantation industries started emerging in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Harish Uppal, the petitioner, was a former army officer. During the 1971 Liberation War, he was stationed in Bangladesh. Due to suspicions of embezzlement and other irregularities, he was court-martialled and subsequently jailed in 1972. He was given a two-year prison sentence and was fired from the army. He attempted to have the case reviewed in court, but it was denied.